5 Foods that Cause Breakouts

When it comes to your skin, the phrase “You are what you eat” has never been more true. You know that what you eat and put into your body affects your overall health, but did you know that it also affects your skin’s health? The best way to keep your skin happy and healthy is to eat foods that will help you to achieve that goal.

Your skin is made up of water, fats, and proteins. By eating lean proteins, healthy fats, and drinking plenty of water you can keep your skin in it’s best shape. Now that you know what to eat, what specific foods should you avoid? While the science, testing, and experimentations are still in preliminary phases, here are 5 foods that have been linked to acne breakouts that you should avoid in order to eliminate breakouts.

1) Milk


milk pouring
Milk and other dairy products such as ice cream and cheese can cause your body to produce high levels of insulin when you consume milk. This insulin spike can lead to inflammation, which can then lead to breakouts.

2) Sugar


sugar pouring into cup
Foods and drinks that are high in sugar are usually bad news for your skin, especially soda and chocolate. The quick “sugar rush” that your body produces when consuming sugar is especially bad for your skin. This doesn’t mean you will break out each time you consume sugar, but we recommend that when you feel the need to indulge, you choose dark chocolate. Dark chocolate has more antioxidants, and less sugar which makes it better for your skin.

3) Spicy Foods


three different spices in tablespoons
A study conducted in 2006 and published by the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal concluded that spicy foods can be another trigger that causes breakouts on your skin. This is because spicy foods often contain acidic lycopenes that can irritate your skin, throw off the balance of your pH levels, and trigger breakouts. While everybody will react differently, you can consider cutting spicy foods to eliminate acne.

4) Gluten


two loaves of fresh bread
White breads, chips, bagels, white rice, pretzels, pizza, and all other high-glycemic foods have been linked to causing breakouts, most likely due to the high insulin levels these foods produce. This high level of insulin encourages inflammation and triggers the release of hormones that have found to be acne-promoting. Recently, studies have shown that foods with high glycemic indexes can be especially troublesome. A ½ cup serving of rice is considered a 17 on the on the glycemic index rating and anything over a 20 is considered high, so while smaller amounts of these foods might not cause an immediate breakout, eating these foods in larger amounts certainly can. Remember that the next time your eating sushi!

5) Fast Food


fast food platter
Greasy foods are known to cause inflammation which, as we previously stated, can cause acne and breakouts. Be especially careful around greasy foods since getting the grease from your food on your hands, and then subsequently on your skin (especially your face) can also clog your pores and cause breakouts.

So What Should I Eat?


Consuming healthy fats, proteins, and water is always the best way to keep your skin healthy. Vegetables, lean proteins (such as nuts and lean meats), and healthy fats (such as olive oil and avocados) can help your skin to be it’s very best. Drinking water helps rid your body and skin of toxins and helps improve overall health.

Physical Therapy by Janell Pierce

janell lo resWhat is physical therapy?

Physical therapy is a treatment program that helps decrease your pain and restore your strength and range of motion.  Your health care provider may recommend physical therapy after an injury of surgery to help you fully recover.  Physical therapy is also used to teach people how to move properly to prevent injuries.

What is a physical therapist?

A physical therapist is a health care professional that is an expert in treating muscle and skeletal problems that affect your ability to move and function in daily life.  A physical therapist is trained in an accredited program.  They are required to be licensed in the state which they practice.

What can I expect from physical therapy?

Your first visit with the physical therapist he or she will exam you and ask you about your health history and any problems you are having. After the physical therapist takes down your health history, the therapist will do a series of tests and measures, such as range of motion and strength.  Once your problem has been identified, the therapist will discuss a care plan with you.  Your care plan may include frequent visits with a physical therapist for weeks or months until you have reached your treatment goals.

There are several types of treatments that a physical therapist may give you.  The treatments you have will depend on your problem or condition.  During your visit, your physical therapist my do the following:

physical therapyPhysical Treatments

  • Deep heating

  • Cold packs and ice massage

  • Whirlpools and water therapy

  • Hot packs and paraffin baths

  • Electrical muscle stimulation

  • Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS)

  • Massage

  • Movements that help your joints and soft tissues


 

How can I receive physical therapy?

In most cases, a medical provider such as a physician, physician’s assistant, or nurse practitioner refer you to physical therapy.  Make sure to check with your insurance company to determine the extent of coverage for physical therapy.

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 

More Caffeine Please? By Gale Ferreras

Before you make your usual stop to your favorite local coffee shop for the routine energy-boost in the morning, do you ever wonder if your zombie-like state pre-caffeine is not normal?

If you tend to feel lethargic and lackluster until you get your caffeine fix, you are not alone.  According to the CDC, 1 out of 3 Americans do not get enough sleep.  Sleep deprivation can be attributed to an array of reasons such as work, stress, guilty pleasures, and responsibilities. Do any of these reasons sound familiar to you?  The typical reasons for feeling lackluster in the morning are as follows: babies, sick kids, needy spouses, needy partners, college papers (I remember these! So fun!), work deadlines, stress and anxiety, a late night out (cheers! drinks up!), social media, and my favorite - Netflix.

If the aforementioned does not quite explain the lack of pep in your step in the morning, then you may want to consider seeking medical advice from a professional.  Not to sound too alarming, but a possible diagnosis could potentially need to be treated, or may need immediate medical attention. A simple initial visit such as a physical assessment and routine lab work can help to accurately provide a diagnosis.



As researched by Medical News Today, here is a list of what may be some of the causes for concern for a population of tired and sleepy day walkers:

  1. Lack of sleep

  2. Poor diet

  3. Sedentary lifestyle

  4. Excessive stress

  5. Medical conditions


Fatigue and lack of sleep are causes for concern for the general population. For example, a statistic provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states,

“Around 15.3 percent of women and 10.1 percent of men regularly feel very tired or exhausted in the United States,” and “1 in 25 adult drivers report falling asleep at the wheel each month,” which accounts to “72,000 crashes and 44,000 injuries, with 6,000 of those reporting as fatal crashes as a result of drowsy driving.”

Although it may seem routine to wake up every morning feeling depleted from the stress and chaos of everyday life, it’s important to note that constant sleep-deprivation is unhealthy and negatively impacts your health. The quest for a healthy, balanced, and satisfactory life is common for everybody. Drinking coffee for energy is a crutch, not a solution.  Have no shame in the expertise of your coffee game, but get more sleep.  A trip to the doctor may be necessary to help you achieve a healthier and more balanced lifestyle.

References

Nichols, H. (2018, February) Why you feel tired all the time. Medical News Today.

Retrieved from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320800.php

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

The Dangerous Myth of XYY Syndrome by Ellia Manzo

Genetic disorder XYY syndrome has become a fable among sociologists, geneticists, and microbiologists, since the 1970s. Researchers such as molecular geneticists are challenging notions that XYY syndrome has a correlation to criminal, anti-social and/or abnormal behavior. This is a male-specific condition where the male has an extra copy of the Y chromosome. Back in the 1960s, there were early reports of criminal activity linking individuals with XYY syndrome. Males were admitted to more insane asylums, hospitals, and confined to prison systems if that extra chromosome was present, and they were deemed as dangerous or criminal-like. Considerable publicity followed the misconception, dooming all males with this syndrome to a life of anti-social behavior. Such fear of XYY syndrome has even translated for some women to opt out of continuing a pregnancy after learning their fetus had an additional Y chromosome.

There are many instances when researchers might even influence parents when they inform them that their newborn being screened for the XYY karyotype might have some difficulty in their early and adolescent development which could someday lead to a life of crime or unruly behavior. What basis do such researchers have to lead the public to believe such a misconception or dangerous myth based solely on what they see as high-risk? Unfortunately, uncontrolled studies and considerable amounts of publicity have lead the public to unwisely believe such statements. For example, in some American prison systems, screening for the XYY karyotype was not present in most of the inmates as presumed due to their high criminality. Other studies suggested that males with XYY syndrome tended to be significantly taller than the average male, therefore, more of the taller inmates were qualified candidates for the screening which created a bias in the data collected.

Now, let’s analyze how the XYY karyotype occurs. An extra Y copy in a male’s sex cell is present. Typically, there are 46 chromosomes in each cell of a person. That extra Y chromosome is a genetic mutation. XYY is not inherited by parent cells, but occurs as a sporadic mutation during cell development and division. Taller than average, most males with XYY syndrome do not have unusual features that can be identified immediately. These males also have normal levels of testosterone and go through all normal phases of sexual development. During childhood development, XYY syndrome is frequently associated with increased learning disability or difficulty, slow speech and language development, flat feet, hand tremors, scoliosis, and even seizures. XYY syndrome also has an increased connection with behavioral disorders such as ADHD, anxiety, depression and in some cases, autism.

We all have individual internal and external characteristics that make us unique. Some have freckles and strawberry blonde hair, others have alcohol flush, and some can even have a trait for hemoglobin deficiency. Genetic differences such as a different karyotype should not be the cause to assume criminality. Positive attitudes can change and better the life of an individual with XYY syndrome, and all individuals for that matter with different traits and karyotypes.

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

Depression by Your Marque Team



“Sadness is an emotion, whereas depression is an illness,” says Dr. Ken Robbins.

What is depression?

Depression is a mood disorder that’s characterized by a persistent low mood, lethargy, and feelings of worthlessness. It interferes with concentration, motivation, and everyday activities. Not only does it affect a person’s mood but the entire body; it weakens the immune system, increases susceptibility to viral infections, and even cancer. According to Dr. George Krucik, out of the 7 billion people worldwide, there was an estimated 121 million people that have some form of depression, but less than 25 percent have access to treatment.

There are various types of depression. If the depression is related to bereavement, it’s called complicated bereavement. Unipolar depression is when depressed mood is the predominant feature. Bipolar, also known as manic depression, is when there are both manic and depressive episodes that are associated with periods of normal mood. The last type of depression is called seasonal affective disorder (SAD), which is related to the reduced daylight in the winter. With SAD, the depression only occurs during the winter time and the mood lifts for the remaining of the year.

Who can get it?

The cause of depression can be a factor of numerous reasons. For some, it’s genetic, so for people that have had or have someone in their family with depression, they have a higher chance of having depression as well. Another reason could be from past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse that one has experienced that can cause depression. The death or a loss of a loved one, even if it was natural, can increase one’s risk of depression. Another related cause is substance abuse. According to National Alliance on Mental Illness, they found approximately 30 percent of people with substance abuse have developed depression.

What are the symptoms?

When it comes to depression, it affects a person psychologically, physically, and socially. Psychologically, there are feelings of persistent sadness, hopelessness and helplessness, low self-esteem, feeling irritable and intolerant of others, lacking motivation, anxiousness, and/or suicidal thoughts. Some might feel guilt-ridden or have difficulty making decisions on their own.

Physically, for someone who suffers from depression, their moving or speaking is slower than usual, drastic chances in appetite and/or weight, unexplained aches and pain, and insomnia.

Socially, one would take part in fewer social activities, neglecting hobbies and interests, and difficulty at work and in school.

How is depression treated?

One of the key factors when it comes to getting treatment for depression is support from friends or family. The ones suffering from depression need to know they’re not alone. Along with the support, psychotherapy is recommended for mild cases of depression.

In moderate to severe depression, antidepressants can be used along with psychotherapy. Some of the classes of antidepressants are Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), Tricyclic antidepressants, atypical antidepressants, and Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs).

In addition to psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, aerobic exercise helps with mild cases of depression because it raises the levels of endorphins and it stimulates the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, which is associated with a person’s mood.

How can I prevent it?

There isn’t a way to prevent depression, but there are ways to minimize the effects of depression and to be aware of a loved one suffering from depression.

To help minimize the effects of depression, find a way to control stress. It will help increase resilience and boost one’s self-esteem. Another way is to reach out to your loved ones in times of crisis. Going through hardship alone is difficult, but with the help of friends and family, one will be able to see the light at the end of the tunnel.

There are a number of warning signs of loved ones suffering from depression. The blank stares, loss of interest, and/or inability to express happiness for more than a few weeks is a start. Sometimes crying may or may not be an obvious trigger, but looking out for tearful eyes, furrowed eyebrows, slumped posture, and lack of eye contact and/or facial expression can be helpful indicators of depression. The more obvious signs are when he/she is fixated on past mistakes expressing guilt and/or self-blame. You want to listen for statements such as “it’s hopeless,” “I have no choice,” “nobody cares.” In some cases, one might express thoughts of suicide. Listen for “you’d be better off without me,” “I can’t go on,” “I wish it were over.” If a loved one expresses thoughts of suicide, encourage them to talk about it because it helps lower the risk of following through with it, but more importantly, listen to what they have to say.

“Depression is not a bad mood. It is a biological reality and a medical condition, and when we talk about it as anything less than that, we belittle the people suffering from it.” -Cate Matthews, The Huffington Post

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 

The Pelvic Floor: What You Need To Know

 

What is the pelvic floor?


The pelvic floor is one of the most crucial support systems you have in your body. Think of it as a strong security system that helps your body know who to keep in and who to kick out.  In more scientifically defined terms, the “Pelvic floor muscles are the layer of muscles that support the pelvic organs and span the bottom of the pelvis. The pelvic organs are the bladder and bowel in men, and bladder, bowel and uterus in women.” Because of the pelvic floor, the most vital functions of an individual’s body can be properly performed.

Why is the pelvic floor important?


One of the most vital functions of the pelvic floor is to support the pelvic organs. The strength of muscle determines the strength in the facilitation of the pelvic organs in their functions. Furthermore, if the muscle is weak, it is more difficult for the organs to perform properly.

In order to better illustrate the importance of the pelvic floor, one must understand the organs that these muscles support. Below are the functions of the pelvic organs in relation to the pelvic floor.

The Sexual Function


The sexual function of both men and women demands a proper relationship between the pelvic organs and the pelvic floor. The Continence Foundation of Australia defines the importance of this relationship in the following way, “Pelvic floor muscles are...important for sexual function in both men and women. In men, it is important for erectile function and ejaculation. In women, voluntary contractions (squeezing) of the pelvic floor contribute to sexual sensation and arousal. The pelvic floor muscles in women also provide support for the baby during pregnancy and assist in the birthing process.” This defined relationship, furthermore, illustrates the vitality of the strength in the pelvic floor. It is more difficult and more painful for an individual’s body to properly perform these sexual functions with a weak pelvic floor.



Releasing Waste In The Body


Passing waste through the bladder and bowels requires proper shifts between contracting and relaxing, similar to the sexual function. Contraction in the pelvic floor secures the organs in their place. This prevents the passage of waste from being released constantly. Relaxation, on the other hand, provides a release of urine and bowels. If the pelvic floor is strong, there will be a proper balance between the processes of contraction and relaxation. If the pelvic floor is weak, however, there will be less contraction and more release. This will result in irregular leaks from the bladder and bowels.


 

What weakens the pelvic floor?


In general, an individual’s age and weight can affect the strength of their pelvic floor. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) statistics concerning women, “Underweight and normal weight women were less likely to have a pelvic floor disorder (15.1 percent) than were overweight women (26.3 percent) and obese women (30.4 percent).” It has also been proven that pelvic floor disorders are more prevalent as an individual gets older, particularly for women. This can be due to how pregnancy and childbirth affect the women throughout their life. Lifting heavier when exercising, for men and women, has also been shown to loosen pelvic floor muscles. Click here for more causes of weakness within the pelvic floor.

 

How to strengthen the pelvic floor?


An individual can always strengthen their pelvic floor through particular exercises. In fact, it is highly recommended to continue to strengthen the pelvic floor throughout one’s life in order to prevent an imbalance of the contraction and relaxation processes in the body. These exercises will vary between men and women. Click here for the proper exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor. These exercises include illustrations and videos on how to perform them properly.




 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

3 Best Practices After Physical Therapy

 

So you finally finished physical therapy!

Congratulations! You are now well on your way back towards a healthy, active, pain-free lifestyle.

But you aren’t out of the woods quite yet.

Most people end up seeing a physical therapist due to an injury, surgery, or because of little injuries or trauma that have gotten worse over the years. Whether you were doing too much exercise, not enough exercise, exercising with poor form, or even just faulty everyday movements, it ended up causing enough pain or discomfort that you went to your trusted physical therapist to get the issues resolved. Now that the issues are resolved, the last thing you want to do is re-injure or aggravate an injury by resorting back to old habits.

Here are the best 3 ways that you can avoid returning to your physical therapist’s office:

1) Continue to Exercise with Good Form


If you have some extra hundred dollar bills lying around and can afford a personal trainer, great! They are well worth the investment and will help you perfect your form, correct muscle imbalances, and improve strength.

However, most of us just don’t have that kind of spare cash. Take the time to research good form for your exercises and remember what your physical therapist instructed. Follow the timeline exactly and don’t do certain exercises before the recommended date. Sometimes more is less but don’t get caught doing nothing. Your muscles will atrophy, and you’ll likely end up in a worse place than you were before.

2) Stretch


Stretching is an often-overlooked aspect of health and wellness. Nutrition and exercise are often put upon a pedestal and stretching is only an afterthought.

Yet there are many benefits to stretching, including: increased flexibility, improved posture, increased nutrient absorption, and injury prevention (which is forgotten all too often).

Injury prevention may be the most important aspect of stretching—especially for someone who just finished physical therapy. According to UC Davis, stretching helps prevent injury because when your muscles are warm and stretched, your movements become easier and more fluid—thus preventing injury.

When you don’t stretch, your muscles become tight and there is an increased chance that you’ll tear or pull a muscle. But it will also cause muscle imbalances that will take you straight back to your physical therapist.

3) Practice What Your Physical Therapist Taught You


By far the most important thing you can do post-physical therapy is just to practice what your physical therapist taught you. During your visits, he or she should have given you different exercises and stretches to practice at home and then shown you how to execute these movements correctly.

Do them! You will recover faster and more completely by doing the “homework” your physical therapist has assigned you. Follow the timeline that your physical therapist has laid out for you and don’t push yourself too hard too soon.

Do not take the easy route and get lazy thinking you’ll be fine now that your sessions are over. You’ll undoubtedly regret it in the long run. Make sure you schedule time to complete your exercises, stretch, and follow the exact recovery timeline that your physical therapist gave you.




 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

Injury Depression? What You NEED to Know

 

Whether you are a competitive athlete or a weekend warrior, injuries happen. We have all experienced some small injuries from being active. We get sore, get scratched and maybe even some bruises. We will take it easy for a day and maybe get some simple rehab to recover faster. We will back at our favorite activities in no time, right?

But not all injuries are created equal.

Ever sprained an ankle? Torn an ACL? Torn your rotator cuff? Have you ever had an injury that has kept you from competing or playing the sport you love for a significant amount of time?

If so, then you’ll understand the despair, helplessness, frustration, and often anger that follows a serious or dramatic injury.

But if you haven’t, then those emotions can be difficult to understand and process.

 

Understanding the Emotions Following Injury


For most competitive athletes, their sport is their reason for being. It is their job. Their life.

For the rest of us, sports and other physical activities are an escape. We use them to relax, rejuvenate, and refresh ourselves. As we exercise our brain releases endorphins which makes us happy.

Now imagine you lost your reason for being. Or pretend that you lost your way to destress and relax. What emotions would you feel?

Frustration? Sadness? Anger? Apathy? No motivation? Lack of appetite?

It is important that you understand that these emotions are normal. Every athlete will respond to an injury differently. Some may not experience any negative emotions whatsoever.

However, you need to be concerned if these emotions worsen over time, seem excessive, or don’t get better.

Picabo Street, a world-class Olympic skier, experienced many of these excessive emotions. In a horrendous skiing crash, Street broke her left leg and blew out her right knee. A month later, Street had shut herself away in a bedroom in her parents’ house with the blinds closed and the doors locked.

She said of this experience:

“I went through a huge depression. I went all the way to rock bottom. I never thought that I ever would experience anything like that in my life…I think it was a combination of the atrophying of my legs, the new scars, and feeling like a caged animal. I went from being a very physical person, a very powerful athlete, to barely having any strength to get from my room to the kitchen. You're stuck and you can't do what you normally do and it makes you crazy.”



Street’s experience is more common than you might expect, so it’s imperative that you’re aware of the signs and symptoms of injury-related depression. Some excessive emotions/actions include:

1) Moderate to severe depression
2) Eating disorders
3) Substance abuse
4) Frequent bouts of rage
5) Alienation


 

How You Can Help


If you know an athlete that is suffering from some of these emotions, there are several things that you can do to help.

Support them. Let them know that you are there to help them through the tough times, through the rehab, and onto a full recovery. Often, it is the love, hope, and motivation of a loved one that will help pull them through.

Help them realize that their personal identity isn’t tied to that specific sport or activity. They have other admirable qualities and other important aspects of their life. Help them pick up another sport, hobby, or activity that they enjoy during the rehabilitation. Or if the injury is career ending, something that they can enjoy for the years to come.

These might include: family activities, golf, book clubs, weight lifting, or vlogging.

Finally, let your athlete know that it is okay to get professional help. Give them permission and empower them with all the resources possible for a speedy physical and mental recovery. A mental health or sports psychologist has experience dealing with these types of problems and will be able to provide the best care for your athlete.

Picabo Street said that once she started to focus on all the things that she is grateful for -- the good instead of the bad -- that she started to overcome her depression.

Whether you are an athlete overcoming post-injury depression or are trying to help a loved-one, recognize that post-injury depression isn’t something to be taken lightly. Please take the proper steps and seek out trained medical professionals to help you on your road to recovery, both mentally and physically.


 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

Constantly Connected: The Effects of Media on Children & Teens by Colleen Kraft, M.D.

Today's children and teens are growing up immersed in digital media. They are exposed to media in all forms, including TV, computers, smartphones, and other screens.

Media can influence how children and teens feel, learn, think, and behave.

What We Know:

Here are facts about digital media use.

  • Almost 75% of teens own a smartphone. They can access the Internet, watch TV and videos, and download interactive applications (apps). Mobile apps allow photo-sharing, gaming, and video-chatting.

  • 25% of teens describe themselves as "constantly connected" to the Internet.

  • 76% of teens use at least one social media site. More than 70% of teens visit multiple social media sites, such as Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram.

  • 4 of 5 households (families) own a device used to play video games.


Why It's Good to Unplug:

Overuse of digital media and screens may place your child or teen at risk of

  • Obesity. Excessive screen use, as well as having a TV in the bedroom, can increase the risk of obesity. Teens who watch more than 5 hours of TV per day are 5 times more likely to be overweight than teens who watch 0 to 2 hours.

  • Sleep problems. Media use can interfere with sleep. Children and teens who spend more time with social media or who sleep with mobile devices in their rooms are at greater risk for sleep problems. Exposure to light (particularly blue light) and stimulating content from screens can delay or disrupt sleep, and have a negative effect on school.

  • Problematic internet use. Children who overuse online media can be at risk for problematic Internet use. There may be increased risks for depression at the high end of Internet use.

  • Negative effect on school performance. Children and teens often use entertainment media at the same time that they're doing other things, such as homework. Such multi-tasking can have a negative effect on school.

  • Risky behaviors. Teens' displays on social media often show risky behaviors, such as substance use, sexual behaviors, self-injury, or eating disorders. Exposure of teens through media to alcohol, tobacco use, or sexual behaviors is associated with earlier initiation of these behaviors.

  • Sexting and privacy and predators. Sexting is sending nude or semi-nude images as well as sexually explicit text messages using a cell phone. About 12% of youth age 10 to 19 years of age have sent a sexual photo to someone else. Teens need to know that once content is shared with others they may not be able to delete or remove it completely. They may also not know about or choose not to use privacy settings.

  • Cyberbullying. Children and teens online can be victims of cyberbullying. Cyberbullying can lead to short- and long-term negative social, academic, and health issues for both the bully and the target. Fortunately, programs to help prevent bullying may reduce cyberbullying.


Your Family Plan?

Children today are growing up in a time of highly personalized media use experiences, so parents must develop personalized media use plans for their children. Media plans should take into account each child's age, health, personality, and developmental stage. All children and teens need adequate sleep (8-12 hours, depending on age), physical activity (1 hour), and time away from media.

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.