Flu Basics by Linette Anaya-Lavenant
The flu which is also known as the influenza is a contagious illness which is caused by a virus which affects mostly the nose, lungs and throat. If this illness is not treated immediately it can be fatal for some. It is easy to mistake the flu for a cold, because the symptoms are very similar. The age population who is at higher risk for developing the flu are children younger than 2 years of age and adults of age 65 and older.
The main symptoms for influenza include:
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath
- Body ache
The virus (flu) spreads through the air, so if a person diagnosed with the flu sneezes or coughs without covering their mouth, it is easily transmitted. Also the flu can be passed along through shared objects or touched things. People having the flu can be highly contagious.
Rest at home and drink lots of fluids because this will help your body fight the infection. If the flu is detected early, Tamiflu (a prescribed medication) can be helpful for a speedier recovery. Over-the-counter medications can help relieve the pain and help ease the symptoms.
The flu can be prevented by getting the flu vaccine once a year which is recommended. Things to consider for prevention of the flu is covering your mouth when you cough or sneeze, avoid sharing cups/utensils, washing your hands regularly, clean and disinfect surfaces. This will stop the spread of germs.
The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.