What is salmonellosis?
Salmonellosis is a type of food poisoning that occurs when someone consumes food or water contaminated with salmonella, which is a type of bacteria that generally lives in the intestines of animals and humans.
How do you get salmonellosis?
Salmonella enters the GI tract when contaminated food or drinks are consumed and is able to infect other parts of the body by moving through the bloodstream. Contamination can occur in several ways including:
- Eating vegetables that are not properly washed
- Ingesting undercooked meat or eggs
- Handling infectious animals/reptiles before touching food
- Not washing your hands thoroughly after using the restroom
What foods are most likely to cause salmonella poisoning?
- Alfalfa sprouts
- Unpasturized milk
- Ground Beef
- Fruit Juice
- Raw fruits and veggies
What are the symptoms of salmonellosis?
- Nausea & vomiting
- Joint & muscle pain
- Abdominal Cramps
How can salmonellosis be treated?
Treatment may include fluid and electrolyte replacement, and anti-diarrheals. Antibiotics may be used in severe cases where the bacteria has entered the bloodstream.
How can salmonellosis be prevented?
Some ways you can avoid getting salmonellosis are:
- Fully cooking meats (especially poultry)
- Washing your hands after using the bathroom and before handling food
- Thoroughly washing your hands after handling reptiles and other animals
- Storing food in appropriate temperatures
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked eggs
The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.