young woman cleaning her face with cotton

Stop These 5 Common Skin Care Mistakes by Your Marque Team

 

 

Skin care is extremely important and it can be hard to keep track of if we aren’t careful. At Marque Medical, we want to give you a few tips in order to help you feel comfortable in your own skin.

 

What do I need?


You first need to understand that it takes work to keep your skin healthy and clean. It isn’t too much to handle. You don’t need products, you just need to stop yourself from doing these mistakes.

 

What are the mistakes?


We have 5 different mistakes that commonly happen for everyone. Look closely and be honest with yourself. Do you do them?

 

1) Going to bed without removing your makeup


It’s late and you’re simply exhausted; it’s an understandable mistake. However, “Not removing your makeup for the night clogs your pore and oil glands,” says Dennis Gross MD. He goes on to explain how leaving your makeup expands your pores and it’ll take them longer to shrink back to their normal size.

 

2) Popping your pimples and picking at your face


Why wouldn’t you pop your pimples/zits? Picking at your face has probably become a habit. But doing these two things will only create scars and tear your skin. Instead of squeezing the pimple, get a washcloth and wash your face when the pimple is ready to come out. That should be all that it takes.

 

3) Not sleeping enough or being stressed


tired woman rubbing her browSleep and stress need to be balanced. These two priorities need to be high on your list because of how many other things they affect. One, in particular, is your skin. Thus, we encourage you to get more than 6 hours of sleep each night. As for stress, find what is the cause of your stress and find ways to remove that stress from your life, even if it means seeking professional help.  

 

4) Hair on your face


Most of us like having bangs or even have hair in our face. It’s beautiful. However, you must understand that using hairspray will cause breakouts to happen when your hair rests on your face. Breakouts can also come when your hair and its oils rest on your face because your hair is out as you sleep.

 

5) Dehydration or skipping a meal


If you aren’t treating your body well, don’t expect it to function to as it should. Thus, you must realize the importance of drinking and eating well. Water will help your skin’s elasticity and softness. Whenever you skip a meal, eat greasy foods, or are dehydrated, you are starving your skin of nutrients.

 

Now what?


Make a plan! It’s as easy as that. You may not realize how these 5 things affect your skin, but try it out and see how as you stop doing these things, it affects your skin.

 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

Cellulitis by Kristen Wheeler

What is cellulitis?

Cellulitis is a type of bacterial skin infection that affects the deep layers of our skin.   MRSA, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are two common bacteria that can cause cellulitis.  Bacteria enters a tear in our skin resulting in infection.  Cellulitis can appear on any part of the body, but is usually found on arms, lower legs, and the face.

Symptoms

An example of symptoms can be redness of the area, warm to the touch, pain, skin dimpling, tenderness, swelling, fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.  The affected area can spread to other areas.   Complications of cellulitis can include infection in the bloodstream or to other tissue.

Who’s at risk to get cellulitis?

Individuals with compromised immune systems with conditions like diabetes or HIV.  Any cut, fracture, burn or a scrape.  Bug bites, animal bites, open wounds, blisters, surgical incisions, athletes’ foot, dermatitis, eczema, lymphedema and more.  Even being overweight or obese increases your risk of cellulitis.

Prognosis

To get the appropriate prognosis, you must be evaluated by a physician.  Sometimes a skin, blood, puss, or tissue culture is done.

Treatment

Oral and intravenous antibiotics are used to treat cellulitis, but do not always kill the bacteria.  To name a few oral antibiotics like clindamycin, doxycycline, and cephalexin can be used to treat cellulitis.  Sometimes IV antibiotics are required.  If there is an abscess, sometimes the provider must cut it open and drain it.

Prevention

Wash your wound gently and daily with soap and water.  Apply protective ointment and cover the area with a bandage daily.  Keep it clean and dry.  Watch for signs of infection.  Trim your fingernails and toenails carefully, so the surrounding skin is not injured.  Moisturize your skin to prevent cracking and peeling.

Complication of cellulitis can be dangerous.  It can cause tissue damage or tissue death.  Cellulitis can also spread to the blood, bones, lymph system, heart, or nervous system.  Left untreated, these infections can turn into amputation, shock, or even death.

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/qa/what-is-cellulitis

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellulitis

https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/skin-disorders/bacterial-skin-infections/cellulitis

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cellulitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20370762

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Best Makeup Practices To Protect Skin

 

 



Makeup has been marketed successfully as the ultimate beauty enhancer. Yet, makeup has also been found as the culprit of negative, long-term effects if not used and removed properly. Skin is a large organ and needs to be taken care of in order for it to last in a beautiful, healthy way. Applying foundation everyday, for example, without removing it correctly can clog pores for long periods of time resulting in more breakouts overtime.

Below, you’ll find the best practices to follow to keep your skin at its healthiest, so there can be less breakouts and wrinkles in the future.

1) Remove Makeup & Clean Face Thoroughly Before Bed


This tip is number one for a reason. Keeping makeup on overnight is BAD for your skin. Women’s Health Magazine invited Dr. Dennis Gross, an expert dermatologist in New York City, to aid in illustrating the effects of makeup on the skin when not removed at night:
A survey over the summer revealed a third of women sleep with their makeup on at least two nights a week. Doing so can clog your pores and oil glands, says Gross. “When the makeup becomes impacted in pores, it can make them appear larger.” It also stretches them out and, unfortunately, since your skin collagen levels decline as you age, your pores won't bounce back to their original size as easily, says Gross.

 

The best way to remove makeup can be applied in two simple steps:



  1. Use Makeup Remover: Make sure to take time to remove as much makeup off the face as possible.

  2. Apply A Facial Cleanser: Although it may seem that all the foundation, maskera, and eyeshadow have been removed, a good facial cleanser is essential to finish the job. Facial cleansers are created to remove hidden dirt and bacteria that are not as readily seen. So, after using makeup remover, make sure to use a facial cleanser to remove the cosmetic leftovers that you don’t see.


 

2) Wash Makeup Brushes Every Month


Makeup brushes encounter just about everything that develops on our face: the oils, the dirt, and all the other gross substances that develop on the skin. Continuously using these brushes without washing them occasionally will do more damage than the makeup itself on the skin. It is recommended that all brushes should be cleaned at least once a month. Certain kinds of brushes have been recommended to be washed more frequently than that.

3) Always Use Sunscreen & Moisturizer


Is sunscreen and moisturizer really that essential to skin health on a daily basis?

Hallie Gould posted an article on Byrdie with an explanation on the subject from expert dermatologists:
"Sunscreen is not an ingredient," asserts Ulli Haslacher, the founder of Pour Moi Skincare. "It should be treated as a very important layer in your skincare routine and should always be applied last (but before makeup). The purpose of sunscreen is to form a protective film on top of the skin to shield it—SPF is not there to restore moisture balance or deliver ingredients deeper into the skin."

Apply sunscreen and moisturizer every day before applying makeup. It is as simple as that.

4) Stop Using Old Makeup


Continuing to wear old clothes, eat old food, or consume expired juice or milk has never worked well in the long run for anyone. Cosmetics that have expired should be considered similarly.

The Huffington Post posted the expiration dates for different cosmetics:

  • Eyeliner: 6 months to a year

  • Mascara: 3-6 months

  • Blush, eyeshadow, and other powder cosmetics: 1-2 years

  • Foundation: 6 months to 2 years

  • Lipstick: 2 years

  • Natural products: 3-6 months


Any makeup product kept longer than the estimated expiration dates above should be removed immediately. Not only do these products work less when they expire, but they can also have serious, unfavorable effects on the skin overtime.

5) Never Share


This best practice is more of a call to common sense rather than a mere point of advice. As previously mentioned, makeup brushes touch all the disgusting things on our face and so do the eyeshadow pallets and foundation creams.

The real question is:

Why would any individual decide to be the recipient of someone else’s facial dirt and bacteria? The unwanted substances from our skin, if left on overnight, does a lot of harm overtime. Can you imagine what the combination of someone else’s dirt would do?

Dermatologists have given the dangerous effects that come from sharing makeup, which include: “acne, cold sores, eye infections, and staph infections.” Experts from Westlake Dermatology have also added in further explanation for why these effects occur:
Makeup is the ideal breeding ground for viruses and bacteria. The very nature of makeup (particularly liquid formulations) and the dark containers in which they are typically packaged are the perfect habitat for unwanted germs. Makeup brushes, even when properly cleaned between applications, have a high degree of transferring bacteria each time they pass over cracks in the skin or popped pimples.

To sum it up, keep your makeup to yourself. Don’t share it.  

 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 

Skin Exams and Early Detection of Melanoma by Alison Sims M.D.

A common question asked during any routine office visit at our urgent care is “by the way, doctor, could you also look at this spot on my skin and tell me if it is something to worry about?” I am happy that so many people are checking their skin for unusual spots. Early detection of skin cancer increases survival rates for those patients who are diagnosed with melanoma. I encourage prevention with sunscreen and clothing, and promote early detection by educating my patients on regular skin self-examinations.

Melanoma is the most feared and deadliest of the skin cancers. The incidence of melanoma has been rising worldwide for the past two decades and now it is the sixth most common cancer in North America. Living in Southern California our sun exposure is much higher, and the risk of melanoma is higher in geographical areas with strong sun. Other risk factors include a history of sunburns in childhood and teenage years, a tendency to freckle, a high number of moles, phototypes with lighter skin, hair and eye color, and a personal or family history in first-degree relatives of melanoma.

Most melanomas are detected by patients themselves, and the more you know about what to look for, the better off you are at protecting you and your loved ones. In the last 10 years the two most common checklists used for identifying suspicious lesions that should be further evaluated have been revised. These simple criteria will help you to distinguish between an ordinary harmless mole, and a potentially cancerous skin lesion.

Read these checklists carefully and maybe even post them somewhere in your bathroom as a reminder to check yourself head to toe when you are undressed.

ABCDE Rules

A = Asymmetry (if a lesion is bisected, one half is not identical to the other half)

B = Border irregularities

C  = Color variegation (a combination of brown, red, black, blue/gray, or white)

D  = Diameter greater than or equal to 6 mm (about the size of a pencil eraser)

E  = Evolving: a lesion that is changing in size, shape, color, or a brand new lesion

(Source JAMA. 2004;292(22):2771)

Glasgow Seven-Point Checklist

MAJOR FEATURES (indications for referral to dermatologist):  

  • Change in size/new lesion

  • Change in shape

  • Change in color


MINOR FEATURES (reinforces that a referral is needed):

  • Diameter greater than or equal to 7mm

  • Inflammation

  • Crusting or bleeding


(Source Br J Dermatology. 2010;163(2):238)

If you are middle-aged and have a light complexion then it is recommended that you have a baseline skin exam by a physician and annual rechecks. In addition, skin self-examinations at home should be monthly, and ideally with a friend or family member so that the back of the body is examined. Use a bright light source and a magnifying lens if necessary, and be sure to check areas that are not sun exposed as well. Your exam should include the entire head, neck and scalp, all surfaces of the arms, legs, hands, feet, webs of fingers and toes, palms and soles, nail beds, back, buttocks, and even private parts. You should also know that suspicious lesions may not be dark in color as there are some rare melanomas that are called “amelanotic” and can be nonpigmented. Happy hunting and spread the word, melanoma can be detected early!

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 

Do You Wear Makeup? Skin Care Tips 101 by Shay Mendoza

Shay webFor women of all ages, from preteen to those enjoying their retirement, we have all learned to deal with our flaws. Fortunately, we do have a tool that keeps those flaws hidden, MAKEUP! Applying make-up is a magical way for many women to have the appearance of smooth skin, nicely shaped lips, and perfect eyebrows, etc. In today’s generation, makeup is now being considered an “art”, not only are young women applying vibrant colors, concealer, foundation, blush in the cheek bones to give the facial structure perfect dynamics and glow, but so are young men.

Within the beauty of this talent, it does have risks. Proper skin care is a necessity to not only maintain a clean face, but to keep new problems from appearing, such as clogged pores, face discoloration, dry skin and acne.  Keeping a hydrated, oil-free and glowing natural skin isn’t a challenge, in fact it’s possible with the following cleansing tips:

An effective skin care regimen starts with a good cleanser.  When choosing a cleanser that’s right for your skin, always choose a gentler one, since harsh products can trigger the skin to produce more oil. For people with dry skin, select a product with no or few chemicals, perfumes or dyes. People with oily skin should choose a cleanser that will remove the oil without stripping the skin because that can cause production of even more oil. People with combination and normal skin can select a cleanser that is gentle depending on the climate and current skin needs. Ladies please note that regular facial cleansers can’t remove and break down waterproof makeup, so be sure to use a separate makeup remover especially for that makeup. It’s also very important to recognize that properly cleansing the skin prepares it to absorb products you may put on after like a serum or moisturizer.  Once you’re done thoroughly cleansing make sure to follow up with a moisturizer that best fits your skin type and needs. Even if you have oily skin, don’t skip this step! Oily skin doesn’t mean your skin is moisturized or hydrated.

Antioxidants, charcoal, and clay masks are helpful products that can be used before or after applying a new face of make-up. If you wear make-up daily, then a mask every 2-5 days would benefit you. If you wear make-up occasionally, then 1 mask per week would suffice. Using make-up removal wipes and cleaning the face afterwards is also another must.  Please note that regular facial cleansers can’t remove and break down waterproof makeup, so be sure to use a separate makeup remover especially for that makeup.

The most important way to keep not only your make-up looking beautiful and glowing, is to also maintain clean brushes and sponges. Cleaning your brushes and sponges in warm-hot water with a brush cleanser once a week is essential. There are so many ways to maintain good skin care from the basics such as soap and water, daily moisturizing, facial masks, hydrating lotions and more.  Sephora, Amazon, and DIY also give great tips and budgeting ways how to keep the beautiful faces of ours looking and staying healthy and clean.

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

 
young girl applying sunscreen to her arm at tropical beach

How to Prevent & Soothe Sunburns

 

 

Nothing will ruin an amazing day at the beach faster than a sunburn.

You just finished your daily activities out in the sun, you get back to your residence and someone exclaims, “Oh, my gosh! Look at your back!”

But you already knew what happened when you saw their facial expression. You know that over the next week you are in store for pain, sensitivity, and perhaps worst of all…peeling.

 

How to Prevent Sunburns


While it may not always be convenient, the easiest way to prevent sunburns is to use sunscreen.

There are a lot of different sunscreens with different sun protection factors (SPF). SPF represents the amount of time it will take for the sun to redden your skin with sunscreen vs without. So ideally, with SPF 30 it would take you 30 times longer to burn than if you weren’t wearing sunscreen.

The higher the SPF of your sunscreen means the less likely that you’ll get burned. Most experts recommend that you should use SPF 50-100.

Make sure you are following the instructions exactly. If you are going to be in the water, use waterproof sunscreen and reapply your sunscreen in accordance with the directions.

Another option would be to just avoid being out in the sun. Stay in the shade or indoors. But let’s be realistic, that likely won’t happen. So, make sure you go through the inconvenience to get someone to rub sunscreen on your back and shoulders.

 

How to Soothe Sunburns


So here you are. You either didn’t believe us or you didn’t read this before you went out in the sun. You got sunburnt and now you are dealing with that bright red, painful burn.

Well, we are here to help. These are some tips that can help soothe your sensitive skin:

Aloe Vera: This is actually a plant, but you can buy it in a cream or gel form. Just apply it to your sunburn regularly. It will both soothe, hydrate, and help repair the affected area.


A Damp Towel: If you don’t have Aloe Vera, a damp towel will provide greatly needed relief to your sunburn.


Take a Cool Bath or Shower: Almost anything cool and wet will help soothe your skin. Soak in a cool tub for a while to soothe your sunburn.


Allow Your Skin to Heal: If you got a really bad sunburn, it may blister. Do not remove the blisters as it can cause infection. Allow your blisters to heal naturally.


Protect the Sunburn: Avoid rubbing or scratching your sunburn. Do not wear clothes that are too tight or made with rough materials.


Take Ibuprofen: You can take some over-the-counter painkillers to help alleviate the pain.


Next time you go to the beach, pool, or anywhere out in the sun, don’t forget your sunscreen—the higher SPF the better. But if you decide to ignore or forget the sunscreen and get burnt, be sure to follow our tips above for a less painful recovery.

 

 

The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.

5 Foods that Cause Breakouts

When it comes to your skin, the phrase “You are what you eat” has never been more true. You know that what you eat and put into your body affects your overall health, but did you know that it also affects your skin’s health? The best way to keep your skin happy and healthy is to eat foods that will help you to achieve that goal.

Your skin is made up of water, fats, and proteins. By eating lean proteins, healthy fats, and drinking plenty of water you can keep your skin in it’s best shape. Now that you know what to eat, what specific foods should you avoid? While the science, testing, and experimentations are still in preliminary phases, here are 5 foods that have been linked to acne breakouts that you should avoid in order to eliminate breakouts.

1) Milk


milk pouring
Milk and other dairy products such as ice cream and cheese can cause your body to produce high levels of insulin when you consume milk. This insulin spike can lead to inflammation, which can then lead to breakouts.

2) Sugar


sugar pouring into cup
Foods and drinks that are high in sugar are usually bad news for your skin, especially soda and chocolate. The quick “sugar rush” that your body produces when consuming sugar is especially bad for your skin. This doesn’t mean you will break out each time you consume sugar, but we recommend that when you feel the need to indulge, you choose dark chocolate. Dark chocolate has more antioxidants, and less sugar which makes it better for your skin.

3) Spicy Foods


three different spices in tablespoons
A study conducted in 2006 and published by the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal concluded that spicy foods can be another trigger that causes breakouts on your skin. This is because spicy foods often contain acidic lycopenes that can irritate your skin, throw off the balance of your pH levels, and trigger breakouts. While everybody will react differently, you can consider cutting spicy foods to eliminate acne.

4) Gluten


two loaves of fresh bread
White breads, chips, bagels, white rice, pretzels, pizza, and all other high-glycemic foods have been linked to causing breakouts, most likely due to the high insulin levels these foods produce. This high level of insulin encourages inflammation and triggers the release of hormones that have found to be acne-promoting. Recently, studies have shown that foods with high glycemic indexes can be especially troublesome. A ½ cup serving of rice is considered a 17 on the on the glycemic index rating and anything over a 20 is considered high, so while smaller amounts of these foods might not cause an immediate breakout, eating these foods in larger amounts certainly can. Remember that the next time your eating sushi!

5) Fast Food


fast food platter
Greasy foods are known to cause inflammation which, as we previously stated, can cause acne and breakouts. Be especially careful around greasy foods since getting the grease from your food on your hands, and then subsequently on your skin (especially your face) can also clog your pores and cause breakouts.

So What Should I Eat?


Consuming healthy fats, proteins, and water is always the best way to keep your skin healthy. Vegetables, lean proteins (such as nuts and lean meats), and healthy fats (such as olive oil and avocados) can help your skin to be it’s very best. Drinking water helps rid your body and skin of toxins and helps improve overall health.

Caring for Your Skin This Season by Your Marque Team

Skin

Your skin is your shell, it protects you within and keeps harmful substances out. The skin is the largest organ in your body, and just like a cell, it acts as a membrane that keeps the bad out and lets the good in.  The National Institute of Health states, “It holds body fluids in, preventing dehydration, and keeps harmful microbes out—without it, we would get infections. Your skin is full of nerve endings that help you feel things like heat, cold, and pain.”  Your skin works hard and rapidly to keep you healthy, so it’s important to keep your skin protected and nourished.

Nurturing

The easiest and most effective way to care for your skin is keeping it clean. Showering and washing your hands keeps bacteria off and prevents you from spreading bacteria from one person to another. After washing and cleaning, you could add a nice moisturizing lotion or cream to lock in nutrients and prevent dry skin and in some cases, a rash. Moisturizers have certain chemicals that help the skin from breaking and drying out. This is highly recommended to prevent a winter rash. Next is to just go outside and feel the sunbeams on your skin. When exposed to the sun, the bones in your body release vitamin D and endorphins. However, too much sun can hurt your skin and may increase the risk of skin cancer. So before going in the sun, just add some sunscreen (preferably SPF 30 or 45) and apply it evenly. And of course, exercise, balanced diet and plenty of sleep are the number one ways to maintain overall health.

Easy Skin Care Tips from the CDC

  • It takes less than five minutes to protect your skin and help prevent diseases:

  • Put on sunscreen with sun protective factor (SPF) 15 or higher and with both ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B (UVA and UVB) protection. Reapply sunscreen after swimming and excessive sweating.

  • Seek shade and consider wearing a wide-brimmed hat.

  • Cover up with clothing and sunglasses.

  • Avoid using tanning beds and sunlamps.

  • Put on insect repellent with DEET or Picaridin to protect from mosquito and tick bites.


 

Sources:

  1. http://www.woundsinternational.com/journal-content/view/the-importance-of-the-skin-barrier-in-managing-periwound-areas

  2. https://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/kids/healthy_skin.asp

  3. http://psychcentral.com/news/2014/06/21/mouse-study-finds-sun-exposure-releases-endorphins/71511.html

  4. https://www.cdc.gov/family/minutes/tips/protectskin/


The information provided is for general interest only and should not be misconstrued as a diagnosis, prognosis or treatment recommendation. This information does not in any way constitute the practice of medicine, or any other health care profession. Readers are directed to consult their health care provider regarding their specific health situation. Marque Medical is not liable for any action taken by a reader based upon this information.